Benzodiazepine Addiction Treatment

Benzodiazepines are depressants that produce sedation and hypnosis, reduce muscle spasms, seizures and anxiety. 

They are available in prescription pills, injectables, and syrup. They are only legally available through prescription. 

But if you maintain your drug supply by getting prescriptions from several doctors, forging prescriptions, or buying them illicitly, chances are you might have a substance use disorder with benzodiazepines.

Tolerance can develop at variable rates and to different degrees. 

Alprazolam and clonazepam are the two most frequently encountered benzodiazepines on the illicit market. The most common street names are Tranks, Downers, Nerve Pills, and Benzos.  Unfortunately, if you are reading this, you or your loved one probably already know that.

What are Benzodiazepines?

Benzodiazepine Side Effects

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Active Ingredients and Commercial Brands of Benzodiazepines

The most common benzodiazepines are the prescription drugs Valium®, Xanax®, Halcion®, Ativan®, and Klonopin®. 

Shorter-acting benzodiazepines used to manage insomnia include estazolam (ProSom®), flurazepam (Dalmane®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®). Midazolam (Versed®), a short-acting benzodiazepine, is used for sedation, anxiety, and amnesia in critical care settings and before anesthesia. It is available in the United States as an injectable preparation and a syrup, mainly for younger patients. 

Benzodiazepines with a longer duration of action are prescribed to treat insomnia in patients with daytime anxiety. These include alprazolam (Xanax®), chlordiazepoxide (Librium®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), halazepam (Paxipam®), lorzepam (Ativan®), oxazepam (Serax®), prazepam (Centrax®), and quazepam (Doral®). Clonazepam (Klonopin®), diazepam, and clorazepate are effective as anticonvulsants too.

The Path towards Benzo Abuse

Most teenagers and young adults who are addicted swallow the pills or snort them after crushing them to get high. Abuse is exceptionally high among cocaine and heroin consumers. Additionally, opioid users often mix benzodiazepines so that the euphoria sensation lasts longer.  Sometimes, alcohol withdrawal symptoms are treated with benzodiazepines too.

It is essential to know that benzodiazepines are highly addictive and controlled in Schedule IV of the Controlled Substances Act of The United States.

Benzodiazepine Effects

Benzodiazepines may cause aggressiveness, amnesia, irritability, and vivid nightmares. 

Benzodiazepines slow down the central nervous system, provoking sleepiness and a chilled mood. 

Overdose effects include confusion, acute drowsiness, impaired coordination, decreased reflexes, coma, and respiratory slowdown. Overdose effects of combined abuse of benzodiazepines and opioids include Profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and even death. The main signs are shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse.

Drugs that cause similar effects include: Alcohol, barbiturates, sleeping pills, and GHB 

Benzodiazepines have a relaxing, calming effect and are used to treat these conditions:

  • acute anxiety, agitation, or panic attacks
  • overwhelming sleeping problems when other treatments fail
  • to relax and sedate you during surgeries
  • to reduce the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal if you are fighting alcoholism
  • muscle spasms and epileptic fits when an immediate effect is needed.

For anxiety and insomnia, it’s best to use benzodiazepines only for a short time. Ongoing use for longer than 15-30 days may require looking into a disorder, especially without a doctor’s supervision.

  • Your body gets used to benzodiazepines quickly and after 15-3o days, and it’s not likely that they will have the same effect afterward.
  • This does not happen if you take benzodiazepines now and again or for less than one month.
  • If you take a benzodiazepine every day for longer than about 2–4 weeks, you may feel dependent on it. You may get withdrawal effects if you stop cold turkey, and the feelings of anxiety will worsen.
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Treating Benzo Addiction

Rehabilitation for Benzodiazepines at Refresh Recovery

If you have been taking benzodiazepines and believe you may need help, our clinicians at Refresh Recovery will attend to a specific plan that attends the proper detoxification and long term program approach. This is aimed to reduce the risk of withdrawal effects and embrace therapy fully.

Refrain from mixing alcohol or with other pills like antidepressants, antihistamines, pain relief medicines or even herbal remedies with benzodiazepines. Don’t drive, especially at the beginning of the treatment. Keep in mind that the risk of falls increases when people take benzos, especially if your muscles are weak or you are older than 65.

If you or your loved one have become addicted to any benzodiazepines, Refresh Recovery is here to help. Our committed staff is ready to guide you through the detox and rehab process in San Diego, California. More on our privacy policy here.

Benzodiazepine Rehab in San Diego at Refresh Recovery

At Refresh Recovery benzodiazepine rehab, attending a plan specific to your benzodiazepine use disorder is of our immediate attention. Our experienced rehab team will provide a unique program that embraces mental health components and tools for successful reintegration and an integrative approach to sustained recovery.

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